Bolivia is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world. Its location at the heart of South America means it has a great variety of biogeographic regions. At this latitude, the Andes Mountains widen and create the high plateau of the Altiplano with a rugged mountainous landscape towering above and to the east the descending slopes, hills and deep valleys, and on to the vast plain of the tropical low lands.
WCS’s Conservation Program in Bolivia takes place in one of the most biodiverse landscapes in the world, where many different ecosystems converge including Amazonian rainforests, montane cloud forests, lowland savannas, highland grasslands, dry inter-Andean forests and high Andean mountains. The Madidi region is also critical for the conservation of endangered wildlife that have large home ranges such as the jaguar, giant otter, Andean bear, maned wolf, white-lipped peccary, vicuña and the Andean condor.
WCS has also focused its conservation efforts in the dry forests of Santa Cruz, which are the largest and best preserved on the continent, contributing to the creation and management of Kaa Iya del Gran Chaco Protected Area.
The ecological, social, cultural and economic complexity of this landscape highlights the need for scientific research, integral monitoring, veterinary medicine,natural resource management and land management to provide answers to critical issues that affect wildlife and limit development possibilities for developmentof local communities. WCS efforts have increased scientific knowledge about biodiversity, opened economic opportunities through community-based natural resource management and strengthened local capacities for the conservation and management of protected areas and indigenous territories with a landscape-scalevision.